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China's energy strategy began to shift
2013-5-15 13:11:26

December 30, 2005, with China Shenhua Energy Group Company Zhejiang Ninghai II 60 million kilowatts supercritical unit is officially put into operation, China's power installed capacity will exceed 500 million kilowatts.

"Pluralism" to improve the primary energy supply capacity, China's "Eleventh Five" a very urgent task, the development of nuclear energy, hydropower and other clean energy has become the first choice for China's energy strategy.
  
 
December 27, 2005, the National Development and Reform Commission released the 2005 China Energy Top Ten News, renewable energy has become the focal point of most notable, there is no authoritative leadership of the speech, nor a strategically advantageous position statement, but a paper of 2005 Energy News rankings, but secretly revealed the new orientation of China's energy strategy in 2006.

National People's Congress passed the "Renewable Energy Law" in the top ten news first. Followed by "2005 Beijing International Renewable Energy Conference held in November, China's installed power capacity reached 500 million kilowatts by the end of December, the Guangdong Nuclear Power Group, Ling Ao Nuclear Power Phase II officially started, Xiluodu Hydropower Station officially started construction. " News about oil, as always, which appear in the top ten news, rankings are greatly reduced. "Oil in the successful acquisition of PK Company of Canada, CNOOC bid for Unocal failed", "Sino-Kazakhstan crude oil pipeline built" oil industry sensational news in the top ten news just came in the seventh and ninth. This shows that the oil is no longer the only protagonist of the China's energy strategy. The face of oil shortages of the status quo, the development of renewable energy has been referred to a higher position in the national energy strategy.

Take a look at these two is not highly ranked oil news. As we all know, in recent years, the surge in oil prices, China's oil companies starting from its own strategic, start from overseas to buy oil change to oil production, "oil in the successful acquisition of PK Company of Canada, the CNOOC bid for Unocal failed" is China's oil companies overseas M & A cases in 2005 representatives.

CNPC successfully acquired the PK in Kazakhstan, in a substantial increase in the competitive strength of China's oil companies to expand the scope of the cooperation of China's energy; and CNOOC's bid for Unocal defeat, the large domestic enterprises initial taste of the capital in the context of great power game operational risks. Although PetroChina to acquire PK Company, CNPC's overseas net proved reserves of 0.885 million barrels of oil soared to 8.66 billion barrels of oil, an increase of 879%; oil and gas reserves also increased by 4.31%, oil and gas output growth of 5.41 percent. But in the fierce international market, Chinese enterprises more like a just beginning to toddlers. Mixed last year, overseas mergers and acquisitions, tells us that "going out" the pace is still too immature

Has been the focus of one of the focuses of China's sustainable economic development in energy, energy issues in the focus of petroleum, petroleum dependence on imports. Own oil reserves are very limited, from 1993, China has become a net importer of oil. Since then, the oil import dependency is rising rapidly, and has reached nearly 50 percent in 2003. Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, report predicts that China's oil demand in the next 20 years the gap will reach 60 million tons. In this case, the energy demand in China is actually caught in an awkward position. The huge demand created excessive external dependence, when the greater volatility in international oil prices, China's responses appear to be relatively lag.

Thus, the choice of orientation of the energy strategy to become the core of the problem, how can we be passive to active, now face new challenges of our energy. Faced with the shortage of oil, looking for new alternative energy, and far more competition for limited resources with other countries much more meaningful.

The last century, after the 1970s oil crisis, the United States and Europe to take the two energy strategy countermeasures, respectively, represented by the United States and France. France's experience might be more worthy of China can learn from: France stressed the need to ensure their energy independence, reduce dependence on oil imports in the post-crisis. To this end, the French research and the development of a variety of alternative energy sources, development of energy-saving technologies. In terms of savings, the French Government in order to save energy, develop a series of construction, automobile manufacturing and other industry standard rate of energy dissipation processes in France to drop the French residents and the production of energy use efficiency is greatly improved. After three decades, the French and European countries, the average energy consumption rate was 60% -70%.

In this regard, the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Asia-Pacific experts tube Dr. believes that China's energy strategy should also include two levels: internally, to improve energy efficiency, saving energy use; Externally, the uncertainties increase, more complicated the face of changing market, risk prevention, risk diversification, to minimize the possibility of energy supply, to speed up the energy of "pluralism". As China's energy continues to sustained tension of the development and use of new green energy has become an important issue in front of us, Chinese Academy of Sciences expert: wind, solar, and tidal energy development can effectively relieve China's energy supply predicament. "Pluralism" to improve the primary energy supply capacity, China's "Eleventh Five" a very urgent task. Accelerate the development of nuclear power, renewable energy and to vigorously develop hydropower, energy and long-term development planning "," diversification strategy ".

Clearly, the 2005 Energy top ten news let us see from one side, the development of nuclear energy, hydropower and other clean energy has become the first choice for China's energy strategy, energy-related policy, the introduction of regulations and energy leading institutions set up to become the basis of the implementation of the new energy strategy. This shows that China has clearly begun to turn in energy policy, which is of great significance to the development of the energy situation in the coming decades.

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